Angular is a popular and powerful JavaScript framework for building dynamic web applications. Whether you're new to web development or looking to expand your skills, this guide will help you take your first steps into the world of Angular.

What is Angular?

Angular is a client-side framework developed and maintained by Google. It simplifies the process of building complex, single-page web applications by providing a structured and organized way to manage your code and application state. Angular uses TypeScript, a statically-typed superset of JavaScript, which brings benefits such as enhanced tooling and improved code quality.


Before we dive into Angular, make sure you have the following tools and knowledge:

  1. Basic HTML, CSS, and JavaScript: A fundamental understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is essential for web development.
  2. Node.js and npm: Angular relies on Node.js and npm (Node Package Manager) for package management and development tools. Install them from the official website: Node.js.

Setting Up Your Development Environment

Let's start by setting up your development environment. Open your terminal or command prompt and follow these steps:

npm install -g @angular/cli

The Angular CLI (Command Line Interface) is a powerful tool that simplifies various development tasks. Install it globally by running this command.

ng new my-angular-app

Now that you have the Angular CLI installed, create a new Angular project. You'll be prompted to configure various project options. For now, choose the default settings by pressing Enter.

cd my-angular-app

Change into your project's directory.

ng serve

Launch the development server, which will automatically rebuild your app as you make changes. Your Angular app will be available at http://localhost:4200/. Open your web browser and navigate to this address to see your app in action.

If you don't want to manually open the localhost each time you run the server, you can use the --open flag with the ng serve command, like this:

ng serve --open

This will automatically open a new browser window with http://localhost:4200/ address after starting the server, so you don't have to manually open the localhost in browser.

Understanding the Project Structure

Angular projects follow a well-organized structure to keep your code clean and maintainable. Here are some important directories and files you'll encounter:

  • src: This is where your application code resides.
    • app: This folder contains your main application code.
      • app.component.ts: The root component of your application.
      • app.module.ts: The main module where you declare components and configure your app.
    • assets: Static files like images or JSON data.
    • index.html: The main HTML file for your app.
  • angular.json: Configuration for your Angular CLI project.
  • package.json: Lists project dependencies and scripts for various tasks.

Your First Angular Component

Let's create your first Angular component. Components are the building blocks of an Angular application.

ng generate component hello-world

Or you can use the short comand for generating component, ng g c component-name

ng g c hello-world

Use the Angular CLI to generate a new component.

The new hello-world component is added in the app folder:

  • src
    • app
      • hello-world
        • hello-world.component.css
        • hello-world.component.html
        • hello-world.component.spec.ts
        • hello-world.component.ts
      • app.component.ts
      • app.module.ts
    • assets
    • index.html
  • angular.json
  • package.json

Open the hello-world.component.html file in the app/hello-world directory and replace its content with the above HTML.

<h1>Hello, Angular!</h1>

Now, let's display this component in your app. Open the app.component.html file in the app directory and add the following line inside the <app-root></app-root> tags:


Your app.component.html should look like this:


Save the changes and return to your browser where your development server is running. You should see the "Hello, Angular!" message displayed.

Wrapping Up

As you can see, it's very easy to created your first Angular app and component. This is just the beginning of your Angular journey. Explore Angular's powerful features, such as data binding, services, and routing, to build more complex and interactive web applications.

In future blog posts, we'll dive deeper into Angular's concepts and tackle more advanced topics. Stay tuned for more exciting Angular tutorials!